17:15 Colloquium by ETH Library
ETH Library’s 17:15 Colloquium offers a platform for further education, discussion and networking. Speakers from Switzerland and abroad present topics from their fields in information sciences, library practice, archiving and museums as well as related specialist areas. The formula is a 30-minute presentation + a 30-minute discussion + a subsequent drinks reception = inspiration for our daily working lives.
It takes place three times a semester at 17:15 on the last Thursday of the month and is geared towards colleagues from the library, archiving, collections and museum sector, as well as interested members of the public.
Grazia Frontoso is a Customer Engineer at Google Cloud in charge of supporting enterprise customers in Switzerland in digital transformation and Big Data analytics for the healthcare & life science sector.
Before joining Google, she worked for several years as a Software Product manager in risk management, designing cloud solutions for regulated industries.
Grazia Frontoso holds a PhD in physics and is passionate about the transformational power of technology.
We live in a world that is increasingly data-rich: data is gold and can yield huge benefit to business and society. Companies spend a fortune today on collecting, managing and storing data but only a few of them are able to transform raw data into actionable information.
Operationalizing Big Data Analytics is key to go to market faster and gain competitive advantage. Even in the field of machine learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI), data preparation plays a key role.
Cloud technology has shaped the way we think about Big Data and AI: reduce costs of existing process, foster innovation and transform business models.
Google has decades of experience in Big Data and is recognized as the market leader in machine learning / AI. With a full spectrum of tailored solutions, Google has solved several challenges for its customers in various industries.
The talk will provide an overview of how you seamlessly turn big data into meaningful insights using Google Cloud Platform.
On Thursday, 31 October, the 17:15 Colloquium did not take place due to an illness of the speaker.
Nicole Walger completed a course of German language and literature as well as Romance studies in Frankfurt am Main. After working as a research assistant at the Mainz University Library, she completed her degree in Library and Information Sciences at the Cologne University of Applied Sciences. In 2011, she became the head of the translation, language, and cultural sciences department library, and additionally took on the post of deputy head of the e-science services department at the Mainz University Library in 2013, where she also initiated the "Academic Integrity" project, which is sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. In October 2016, Nicole Walger moved to Siegen University as deputy library director. Here, she established structures and services for scientific publishing and research data management. In November 2017, she became the spokesperson for the "Academic Integrity" specialist group at the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Information & Wissen (German Society for Information and Knowledge, DGI). Since May 2019, Nicole Walger has held the position of director of the Duisburg-Essen University Library.
In July 2019, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG) published the new code "Guidelines for Safeguarding Good Scientific Practice". The code refers to changes in the scientific research and publication process resulting from digital transition and to new structures and forms of cooperation in science. A mandatory culture of scientific integrity is to be expedited based on the professional ethics of scientists.
Researchers themselves remain primarily responsible for complying with good scientific practice. University libraries are not mentioned in the new code, although a large part of the new guidelines represent a playing field and field of work applicable to them in particular.
This talk will highlight the role university libraries can play in striving for truth and objectivity or in upholding scientific professional ethics.
Professor Jose de la Rosa Estava of the University of Girona (UdG) Spain is a visiting professor at ETH Zurich in 2019-2020. At the same time, he is also Director of the Technology Research TECNIO Easy Centre (external link) and of the Distributed Ledger Technologies and Artificial Intelligence master degree (external link) of Barcelona, as well as of the official master in Smart Cities (external link) of the UdG.
De la Rosa is a specialist for intelligent agents, virtual currencies, digital preservation and their applications. With his entrepreneurial vision, he has launched several spin-off companies starting with the first world robotic soccer team as early as 1996, to customer intelligence in 2000, virtual currencies in 2010, and several blockchain initiatives from 2015 onwards.
De la Rosa has been researching the Blockchain and smart contracts technologies to design new types of money suitable for the Internet and scanning for its applications in general and in IP, open innovation, and digital preservation in particular. Today he is advising several blockchain projects, as for example licens3d.com and welicense.io.
In his talk, Prof. Jose de la Rosa Estava will focus on the concept of Blockchain and the application of smart contracts. In these days, a massive migration of value onto the Blockchain happens along with new identities forged for handling this value, which needs to be preserved.
This value is about usage and, moreover, the regulated usage of digital objects. Thus, value preservation is an extended mission of digital preservation. It follows the steps of migration, tokenisation and preservation.
The preservation of value means keeping integrity, genuinity, and usability of the value related to the digital object, for the long-term, across exchanges.
This concept has important applications to open data and needs to be properly managed by the right actors and regulated by means of smart contracts or licenses on the Blockchain. Prof. de la Rosa will exemplify the theory with some examples.
Presentation: Slideshare – ETH Library
Professor Sarah Kenderdine researches at the forefront of interactive and immersive experiences for galleries, libraries, archives and museums. In widely exhibited installation works, she has amalgamated cultural heritage with new media art practice, especially in the realms of interactive cinema, augmented reality and embodied narrative. Sarah has produced 80 exhibitions and installations for museums worldwide including a museum complex in India and received a number of major international awards for this work. In 2017, Sarah was appointed Professor of Digital Museology at the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland where she has built a new laboratory for experimental museology (eM+), exploring the convergence of aesthetic practice, visual analytics and cultural data. She is Director and lead curator of EPFL’s new art/science initiative, ArtLab.
Archives in motion describes ‘experimental museology’ as a collaborative research practise for cultural collections, custodians and communities. The presentation focuses on transdisciplinary initiatives at the intersection of immersive visualisation technologies, visual analytics, aesthetics and cultural (big) data to explore cultural heritage from scientific, artistic and humanistic perspectives. Through a series of experimental platforms and projects the discussion will unpack a range of new archives which have spatial temporal complexity as core attributes. This complexity offers diverse audiences new opportunities for engagement and experience, while also challenging prerequisites for infrastructure and driving collaboration and convergence across domains.
Günter Mühlberger is coordinator of the eInfrastructure H2020 project READ (Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents). He also heads the Digital Humanities Research Centre at the University of Innsbruck. G. Mühlberger worked for more than 20 years in the domains of digitization, digital preservation, digital libraries and Digital Humanities. He initiated and managed a large number of national and international research and digitization projects. His current focus is on managing the transformation of a publicly funded research infrastructure into a spin-off company in order to sustain the research infrastructure independently from public funding.
Transkribus is a research infrastructure which enables humanities scholars, memory organizations such as archives, libraries and museums, and public users to benefit from cutting edge research in pattern recognition and natural language processing. With Transkribus it is possible to recognize and search handwritten documents independently from their age or script. The platform is open and currently used by more than 14.000 users worldwide. The talk will provide some insight into the daily business of the platform as well as further plans how to connect it with the EOSC infrastructure.
- http://transkribus.eu/ (external link)
- http://read.transkribus.eu/ (external link)
- http://learn.transkribus.eu/ (external link)
Presentation: Slideshare – ETH Library (external link)
Ingo Barkow has worked at HTW Chur since 2015, initially as a lecturer in data management, as a professor since 2017 and as Head of the Swiss Institute for Information Science since 2019. He gathered his experience of metadata and data management in both the private sector and research: for instance, he ran an IT training company in the Würzburg area for many years, where his responsibilities ranged from server administration and data analysis to business intelligence throughout Europe. He gained additional experience, particularly in data management, at the Leibniz Institute for Research and Information and Education (DIPF) in
Frankfurt as Technical Director for software implementation in the entire repository infrastructure and for the provision of IT services for major international education studies such as PISA or PIAAC. After completing his combined MA in contemporary social history and English language and literature in Frankfurt, he obtained a diploma in business information systems (University of Applied Sciences), and subsequently a doctorate in metadata management for large-scale education studies at the University of Szeged, Hungary.
Challenges in metadata management Data management is becoming increasingly important for many organisations in Switzerland. The significance of metadata within the scope of process definitions must not be underestimated here. Without the corresponding data documentation, for example, research data carries little clout as its importance is no longer tangible. Often, this dilemma forces staff at research data facilities into the realm of follow-up documentation. This talk demonstrates the use of data life cycle models, and provides examples of different metadata standards and the relevant use of tool chains for data documentation.
Presentation: Slideshare – ETH Library (external link)
André Roth is Chief Digital Officer (CDO) at itnetX AG. Having studied business and computer science and as a practitioner, creator and digital nomad, he walks through his personal and professional life with his eyes open and endeavours to be and toremainopenminded. As a father of three, he is confronted with the mobility requirements of the young generation on a daily basis, and this heavily informs the way he thinks. In his role as CDO, André Roth advises executives on the topics of digitization, digital transformation and on how to prepare new digital business models and drive innovation within their companies. He also lectures in “Design Thinking” at FHNW University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland.
Digitization and digital transformation are hugely significant and are also buzzwords that keep reappearing. This makes their scope difficult to grasp, but it is clear that their impact on individuals, society and companies poses major challenges.
The speaker will examine the questions of WHY we should even havedigitaltransformation on our radar, how to pin it down and what disruption means in this context.
The speaker will take you on an incredible and fascinating journey with his approach of thinking outside the box. Be prepared to go outside your comfort zone and discover new horizons.
Dr.Marjan Grootveld is a computer linguist and Senior Policy Officer at Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS (external link)). DANS is the Netherlands’ institute for permanent access to digital research resources. It provides expert advice to research institutes and research funders in matters relating to data management policy and practice, provides support and training in EU projects such as EUDAT (external link) and OpenAIRE (external link) and coaches the participants in the Research Data Netherlands Essentials 4 Data Support training.
Openness, exchange, FAIR data - oh brave new world. For some researchers, this is no longer a vision but already their day-to-day reality. For many others, however, terms like ‘open’, ‘FAIR data’* or ‘data exchange’ pose a challenge. What contribution can we make to ensure that new data comply with the FAIR Data Principles, and how can we measure the FAIRness of existing data? “Trust” is a key aspect: Trust that others interpret ‘your’ data correctly for example, or trust in data repositories.
The speaker will give her presentation virtually via a telepresence robot and also participate in this form in the discussion and apéro. The presentation will be held in English.
*The FAIR Data Principles (external link) aim to ensure that datasets are findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable.
Dr. Mela Kocher (external link) lectures at Zurich University of the Arts (ZHdK). In her subject area, Game Design, she works in research and development, focusing on Applied Games, Gamification and Urban Games. For example, she developed the urban game “LucyZH” for the International Office at ZHdK. Her doctoral thesis examined narration concepts in computer games.
René Bauer (external link) is Head of the Master’s specialisation in the subject area of Game Design, with a focus on motivation design. He is also Co-Director of the GameLab (external link) at Zurich University of the Arts (ZHdK). In addition to lecturing, he is involved in national and international projects and promotesan analysis of games in the field of Game Studies and the cultural sciences. As a game designer and application developer, René Bauer also manages his own games projects, experiments with AND-OR.CH on the interface between games and art, and co-develops collaborative authoring environmentssuch nic-las, imachinaandixistenz.
Gamification refers to the translation of game-based elements into contexts that were originally foreign to games. The aim is to enhance the motivation of the users to solve the tasks posed more easily. Gamification scenarios generally only use individual elements of game systems. They are distinct from serious games (‘applied games’), which have sophisticated game mechanisms and endeavour to engage players more extensively.
These developments are not new, but the “promise of salvation” of digital games for serious or applied contexts are deeply diffused insociety. The two speakers show the theoretical fundamentals behind these game phenomena, the factors to be considered in development, and how these fundamentals can be used to explain cultural and societal developments beyond the realm of the magic circle of games. These questions are examined using specific examples of projects in therapy, research and development aid.
Dr Eva-Christina Edinger holds a doctorate in spatial and architectural sociology from the University of Constance. Her dissertation examined comparative case studies on libraries in Switzerland, Germany, Norway and Great Britain. She has been a speaker and lecturer in promoting scientific staff at the University of Zurich and a lecturer at the University of Constance and HTWG Constance in sociology, psychology and architecture for around ten years. More information on Spaces of Knowledge (external link)
Environment-behaviour-settings describe environmental situations based on the assumption that the urban environment leads us to behave in a certain way.In libraryinterior design, endeavours are made to take advantage of them. However, it is disconcerting if, despite meticulous planning, the various spaces are not used in the manner intended – sometimes because it is not always clear to the users how they are supposed to behave and thus howthe spacewas really supposed to be used.
The conflicting environment-behaviour-settings are presented based on data from a seven-year field study in various European university libraries.
Dr Noah Bubenhofer is a German linguist and interested in language as an indicator of social and cultural phenomena. He holds a degree in communication and media studies, German studies and sociology from the universities of Basel (external link) and Freiburg im Breisgau (external link), and has been running the "Visual Linguistics (external link)" project at the Institute of Computational Linguistics (external link) at the University of Zurich (external link) since March 2015. He also co-founded semtracks (external link), the Laboratory for Computer Based Meaning Research.
As text archives, libraries have always been at the heart of philological readings. In the wake of digitisation, they are seeking new roles between the poles of traditional philological text analysis and modern text mining.
It is no secret that digital data and intelligent algorithms facilitate fresh perspectives on text.
Methods borrowed from visual analytics uncover patterns and enable big data to be analysed in the first place. The reflections on the role of visualisations in linguistics within the Visual Linguistics project spark ideas on what roles libraries might take on in future. The speaker puts these considerations up for discussion.
Andreas von Guten is active in various walks of economic and political life. Given his background in the IT and media industry, he currently focuses on digitisation and its impact on society. He is a member of Digitale Gesellschaft, Digitale Allmend and the core group Task Force Urheberrechtsgesetz. Andreas von Gunten (external link) is also the author of the publication "Intellectual Property is Common Property".
In his talk, Andreas von Gunten essentially calls into question the existing copyright system.
He begins by observing that copyright is constantly being intensified worldwide. Opponents to this development frequently settle for being able to achieve merely a reduction of this intensification.
The speaker goes much further and observes that the existing copyright regime is not based in nature, but is rather the culmination of constant lobbying by a small group of stakeholders. In his talk, for instance, he examines the questions as to how plausible the reasons for copyright are and what a world without copyright might look like, before putting up his theories for discussion.